Bonding is the process of applying a tooth-colored composite resin (plastic) to the tooth in order to to repair a decayed, chipped, fractured or discolored tooth, to close spaces between teeth, to make teeth appear longer or to change the shape or color of teeth. Bonding is among the easiest and least expensive cosmetic dental procedure.
The tooth is prepared by creating a rough surface allowing the composite material to securely adhere to the tooth. The composite material used has a putty-like consistency and is carefully chosen by the dentist to correctly match the shade of the existing and surrounding teeth. A special light is then used to cure the composite material and finalize the process of adhering it to the tooth. One benefit of dental bonding is the fact that anesthesia is rarely necessary in completing the procedure. However, this is not the case if it is being used to fill a cavity. Another benefit of bonding is the relatively low cost for obtaining an aesthetically pleasing smile without spending all the time and money that other restorations sometime entail.